8 Foods to Avoid with Gout

What is Gout?

An advanced case of gout
An advanced case of gout | Source

Hyperuricemia (the medical term for gout) occurs when the body is either unable to process purines or is overwhelmed with purines that turn into uric acid crystals. These crystals usually form in joints, initially the ankle or toe and if the disease continues to be a problem for an individual, the disease can spread to other joints. It is an incredibly painful disease. Seeing how this ailment is mostly caused by diet, it makes sense to figure out the foods that cause gout.

Knowing purines are a major factor in setting the stage for an attack, it only makes sense that if we can reduce our intake of high purine foods we can lessen our chances of getting a gout attack. For the most part, many purine foods are unhealthy and by eating a healthy diet with plenty of vitamin C and potassium, we can not only help prevent symptoms we can also help prevent long term obesity, a common trait among gout patients.

There is more to this than simply eating healthy, however. While many purine items are unhealthy, unfortunately, there are a few that are healthy. It is almost impossible to totally avoid purine foods, so eat them in moderation. Too much of a good tasting thing can be bad for you.

Another thing to note is that some people can eat certain purine items and not be affected, while other things can lead to terrible pain once an attack occurs. This list is mostly to make you aware of products with purine content. You will have to test out some of these for yourselves. If these are a main part of your diet and you are having a problem, you may want to eliminate each item separately to see which ones are causing your attacks.

Having said that, here is a list of 8 foods that you should avoid eating if you have gout.

List of Foods to Avoid

1. Turkey- Turkey is one of the healthy foods that can cause gout. Turkey has moderate to high levels of purines. Personally, turkey gives me very bad attacks. I only eat small amounts during Thanksgiving and Christmas and avoid it the rest of the year. One time our local grocery store had a great sale on turkey, so we bought one and had turkey for a week. I paid dearly with a weeks worth of agonizing pain. I have friends though who have no problem eating turkey, but can't eat other purine items. As with all of these if you are going to test them out, do it moderately.

Fried chicken is delicious, but it will probably not help your gout.
Fried chicken is delicious, but it will probably not help your gout. | Source

2. Chicken

Chicken has moderate levels of purines. This is dependent on the person. I have friends who cannot even sniff chicken without getting a gout attack. I have always been able to eat as much chicken as I want without any problems.

If you are going to eat chicken, try to stay with the lean white meat. There is less purines in the better quality of the meat. You should probably avoid processed chicken products such as chicken based hot dogs or chicken made from byproducts. These will have higher levels of purines.

This beer flight will take you to an excruciating destination.
This beer flight will take you to an excruciating destination. | Source

3. Beer

Beer is one of the major foods to avoid. Most people with this disease who drink are unaware that beer has up to eight times the amount of purines versus its alcohol content. You are asking for pain if you drink this beverage regularly.

I am a paramedic by trade and I cannot begin to tell you how many long term alcoholics I see with gout symptoms. Most of them don't treat it properly and have tophi, which look like whitish lumps on their knuckles, ears, and toes. These are signs of high uric acid levels and signs of chronic gout attacks. They also sometimes have deformed joints from the effects of all the attacks they've had in the past.

4. Should You Avoid Beef?

Probably. Depending on what part of the cow you are eating, it can contain high levels of purines. If you just have to have meat, avoid hamburgers unless it is high quality meat. The lower quality portions are what contain the highest levels of purines.

Again, as with all these foods, everyone is different. If you are on drugs or natural remedies for gout designed to treat this condition, you may be able to eat beef more often than without the drugs or remedies, but you should still only eat in moderation.

Don't use venison as a beef substitute! You will regret it deerly!
Don't use venison as a beef substitute! You will regret it deerly! | Source

5. Can Venison Cause Gout?

Yes, it can! Venison has very high purine levels. It is even higher than beef. I found this out the hard way. I was unaware that venison causes gout and I used it as a replacement for beef. I hadn't had beef type meat in a couple years at the time and my family and I ate venison steak, venison sausage, venison burgers, etc. A week later the pain began. It lasted a month! I almost always try to cure it naturally, but to no avail. Even Indocin didn't work. I had to get a cortisone shot to end the pain.

If you are into hunting, I'd like to make you aware that most game foods are high in purines. Squirrel, rabbit, pheasant, grouse, and venison are all especially triggering. Hunting is very popular in the area I live in, but I don't even bother. Not because I'm against hunting, but because I can't eat it.

One way ticket to pain.
One way ticket to pain. | Source

6. Hot Dogs

Hot dogs are definitely one of the main foods to avoid if you suffer from gout. Hot dogs are one of the reasons people get attacks after summer holidays. They overdo it on the barbecue and eat too many hot dogs, and 2-5 days later, they wake up in the middle of the night with an attack. It doesn't matter what type of meat the frankfurter is made from, whether turkey, chicken, or beef, you can still get an attack if you eat too many.

As we've already seen, turkey, chicken, and beef all have moderate or high levels of purines. That alone should be enough to cross hot dogs off the "to eat" list. However, another reason is that certain parts of the animal contain higher levels of purines than others. Most hot dogs you buy in a grocery store are made from the leftover animal parts. It's these leftovers such as the organs and byproducts that have the highest levels of purines. Sausage can also be lumped into this category. Every food is different. I personally have had fewer problems with sausage than with hot dogs.

7. Shellfish

Shellfish such as crab and lobster are very high in purine content. You should avoid these foods. Fortunately, they tend to be on the more expensive side to purchase so while they should be on the restricted list, most people can't afford to eat them regularly anyway. Shrimp, however, is another shellfish that has high purine levels and is pretty easy to get. My recommendation is to avoid shellfish altogether if you can.

Walleye is a great-tasting fish that's safe to eat.
Walleye is a great-tasting fish that's safe to eat. | Source

8. Fish to Avoid with Gout

For the most part, fish is okay to eat and a very healthy part of your diet. Again, diet plays such a huge role in how to prevent gout. Most fish should be fine for you to eat, but there are a few types of fish that are higher in purines and should be avoided. Fish that cause gout:

  • anchovies
  • sardines
  • mackerel
  • salmon
  • trout.

These vary from moderate to high purines. There are still plenty of fish you can eat that are low in purines such as whitefish, perch, and walleye.

foods to avoid with gout questions/comments 56 comments

edgardo p mendoza 6 years ago

those days are gone, i've been suffering almost most of the time, it took half of my strength, i've been in pain and agony when these things showed up, i've never learned my lesson yet. i got to read more what else food to avoid to stop all these pains and sufferings cause my activities are stop short , i used to be an athletic person, now i'm just a spectator with a limited body movement. i'm just taking colchicine every time i have severe attack.i'm surprised that i have to stay away eating salmon. i have to make more research regarding what to avoid and what is good to prevent gout attack.

tbfrascone profile image

tbfrascone 6 years ago from Michigan Author

thanks for stopping by, edgardo. I hope you get a handle on the gout pain! Diet plays a huge part. I was surprised at salmon and at venison. They both are otherwise very healthy foods.

Ingenira profile image

Ingenira 6 years ago

Good information ! Thank you !

flory-ann s. fundan 6 years ago

i like this pieces of information, ' hoping for more articles regarding health.

CHUCK R 5 years ago


badegg profile image

badegg 5 years ago from Southern Appalachians

I have suffered for nearly 30 years with gout. I have conditioned myself to identify "good foods and bad foods" that I can eat, however I have never had any problems with turkey and chicken and recommend both on my blog. As a rule I stay away from dark colored fish (salmon tuna species, etc) and go for the white meat fish. I limit my beef and absolutely NO pork (the worst meat for gout). You're right about the beer....and I love beer, but will be crippled the next day if I have some. Keep in mind that the older you get, the harder it is to keep under control! Good luck!

badegg profile image

badegg 5 years ago from Southern Appalachians

I was watching the Food Network tonight, mainly the preparations of Thanksgiving dinner, and I began thinking about your blog. You said that turkey was bad for gout, are you eating the dark meat or the white meat? The dark meat is high in purines while the white meat is not. Also, in the course of the holiday meal, are you consuming dressing or gravy made with giblets? The giblets are a big no-no to a gout sufferer, as are green beans (green bean casserole), and the other dark veggies such as asparagus, peas, spinach, etc.

dan 5 years ago

Interesting comments!! I've suffered gout attacks for almost 20 years now and the best advise I can give is quickly deal with the situation. I have indocin for gout attacks and I've found that it is of the utmost importance to take the indocin at the very first sign of a gout attack. Even if a joint feels tingly or strange and you're not absolutely sure it's the real deal - Take your indocin! If you nip it in the bud the attack will be much less severe and will quickly fade. The worst attacks I ever had is when I had a flare up and didn't have access to my indocin. The indocin doesn't work as well when the flare is up is full tilt boogie! Hope this helps anyone out there who has this awful affliction!!


selma rosales 5 years ago

I'm 19 and not overwieght.. And I got gout it was very painful though I do admit that my diet is not very healthy..

tbfrascone profile image

tbfrascone 5 years ago from Michigan Author

Thanks to all for the comments. Sorry I have not replied earlier. I've been offline the past few months taking care of my wife. She has been very ill, but it slowly getting better.

@badegg-I eat white meat only on the turkey. Still gets me. I really think turkey is one of those person dependent foods, as well as chicken. I know people eat turkey with no ill effects and others who pay, like myself. I can eat chicken while my one friend pays dearly for eating chicken. Good advice on the dark veggies. Thanks for the helpful information.

Pamela N Red profile image

Pamela N Red 5 years ago from Oklahoma

I have gout right now. This is only the second time and it seems there is a larger list of foods we can't have than ones we can. Oddly enough I am a skinny woman and gout is usually a man or overweight person's disease. My grandmother told me Native American people tend to get it whether male or female so another thing I can thank my ancestors for.

StephenSMcmillan profile image

StephenSMcmillan 5 years ago

Lots of information, thanks for sharing.

Sarah 5 years ago

what I need is a list of foods to eat and not to eat so I can putit on my ice box. where I can see it ..Doctor just told me I have grout. i sure need help with this.. Thank Ya .

Iziza 5 years ago

I just had gout since the past 8 months and recently i had severe attack on the ankle last 2 weeks. Whilst i am medication (colchine, allupurinol), suddenly it attacked me again yesterday and the i have been controlling my diet. After few web surfing, some websitw mentioned that few food needs to be avoided are sardines and cod fish. It is quite surprising to me because i thought fish is not in the list of food to be avoided and i just had both in a row for my dinner. Now i am back in medicatiob again. Huhhhhh....

Maria 5 years ago

My father is in his 70s and I see him suffer with the pain of gout his left knee gets hot and swollen it is to the point were he can not walk or bend it. When the weather changes to cold I see him in a lot more pain. It does not matter if you are young if you have gout take care of yourself it is very hard to deal with as you get older seeing your love one going thrpw pain hurts!

lester abram 4 years ago

Thanks for info, you all ha ve been a great Help .

Ken 4 years ago

I am currently taking Allipurinol and that has reduced my attacks, however after reading many posted comments, I will definitely avoid HOT DOGS! I had (2) for dinner last night and I have a swollen knee and can barely walk. In reading other comments, I too cannot take coltracine or Indocin (they both make me sick). My doctor has prescribed a prednesone (steroid)dose pack and that seems to reduce the attack within a day or two. As everyone has noted, you need to take the medication immediately upon flare-up, or it may take 2-3 days of suffering before the pain subsides. Thanks for all the info... Ken

Debbie Malin 4 years ago

I have gout right now. This is the 2nd time in a month. My feet have hurt for months. But the 2 attacks were yesterday & 3 weeks ago. Dr gave me Colcyrs. Helps a little. I

cant help thinking its because i lost a kidney

To cancer.

Been drinking cherry juice. Dr tomorrow.

Hope it goes away. It is really painful.

ago. ago

Trevor St James 4 years ago from Los Angeles

This is so frustrating! I don't drink alcohol and I swim every day. I'm 5'7 and weight 150-almost no body fat at all. Virtually none. I don't eat seafood. Now, I have Gout and every time I do research I get conflicting information. Sugary drinks. I do enjoy Hawaiian Ice but it's frequently hot here in Los Angeles. Beans. What is wrong with Beans?

And now I'm out of work for 2 weeks on disability. I don't know what to do.

Trevor St James 4 years ago from Los Angeles

Wow! After reading this my next question is what CAN I eat? My doctor says stay away from red meat and beans. He says some beans can cause Gout.

He also says everything in moderation.

So, does drinking a LOT of water help someone keep Gout at bay?

Edward Sydney 4 years ago

Thanks for the valuable info. I can relate to everyone's pain with gout and had two attacks for the past two months. For me, I find that not always getting enough sleep and my diet that always gets me. I was unaware that I've been regularly eating dark meat (i.e. steak, pork and beef) lately and sadly am paying for it now. Also, drinking a plenty of water helps a lot.

I wish you all the best in managing this disease.

valencia petersen 4 years ago

I just had a gout attack, not knowing it was one as i had surgery done to my foot- bunion removed. Thinking it is my wound that is causing so much pain, however, there was no redness or pain around the wound to think that it is infection. I read an article that having surgery on your foot especially your toe could also bring on a gout attack. I have a very healthy diet, dont eat red meat or dink red wine. Everything I eat, raw and steamed vegies, fruit (2x day)is in moderation. I still dont understand that I have gout . . . the only thing that I lack is physical exercise. I use to walk 3x a week for 30 minutes but for past 4 months were unable to do so.

Ron 4 years ago

I have had severe four attacks all over. Feet, knees, elbows. All I can say is trust alapurinol. Take it everyday. I believe cherry juice helps. STAY HYDRATED!!!! They also say stress can cause attacks. So don't take life to serious. Lol good luck.

Trevor 4 years ago


I also don't eat seafood or a lot of red meat. I exercise every day from swimming laps, I am not overweight, I don't drink alcohol at all and I also got Gout.

The Indomethacin and Sinsinpas worked wonderfully for me.

Hang in there. I just got over mine.

Also, those heating pads you can throw in the microwave helped me a lot.

HappyHarry 4 years ago


gary 4 years ago

I am 65 and have had severe gout off and on for 15 years.I gave up beer, although I can drink liquor,and take one Allopurinol tablet daily with no side effects.I have had no Gout for over a year. My joints have continually improved. I can't even tell I ever had Gout now.

James Butler 4 years ago




MY E-MAIL IS and any fair comments would be appreciated

Like 4 years ago

Dealing with gout for eight years numerous painful attacks.can't take any scripts which make me sick to my stomach.started taking celery seed extract two in morn 2 in eve.seems to be working well.everyone's different and you have to find out your trigger.if it was up to all these doctors telling you what to eat,I'd have to stick to water and lettuce.that's not a way to live.try the celery extract and at least you can enjoy some of the foods you love.

oyei 4 years ago

I am having an attack right now. This happened also exactly a year ago.. Oh my its very painful!!!

Munafpk 4 years ago

pl suggest me which diet i have to taken.... few days before i did test of URIC ACID i shock after watching resut that was 8.06..... please suggest me died as well as medicine for that disiease.......

MARCIA 4 years ago


Raj, HK 4 years ago

Thanks for this important info, you all ha ve been a great Help.

Joe Kauachi 4 years ago

Trust Allopurinol, one every day before bed, with half a liter of room temp water.

Eat more celery, brocolli, and grapefruit, mexican nopales will help.

Stay away from those mature and incredible great chesse.

No red meat, no oily fish, no seafood, no beer, no vodka, no lentils, no fava beans, no liver, kidneys, or foie gra, no lamb, no oysters, no lobster, no shrimp, no pork at all?

Ok if the pain goes away i will resign everything, but if after being on celery, cherries and nopales the uric levels are back, ill take the allopurinol for life!

Rabster 4 years ago

Oh my God,

woke up this morning and couldn't walk or put weight on my left foot.

Doc says it is Gout and prescribed Colchicine and Flucloxacillin.

I am struggling to get around on crutches.

How long does this pain last and will i get it again ?

Jay Young 4 years ago

Looks like I might have to become a Vegan! btw I have been eating canned tart cherries packed in water, can't find any fresh ones at any local grocers. I hope that helps.

CJ 4 years ago

so most foods to stay away from also have high protien. Im a 30 yr old male and stay very active and enjoy working out and staying in shape. I do martial arts through to mx riding and everything in between. Found out this right toe killing me is caused by gout. My question is that I've always been led to believe the high importance of protien for muscle growth and recovery so am i able to take a protien supplement if i cant eat these high protien foods? Need all the help i can get I feel so lost with this stupid disease.

RD 4 years ago

My doc put me on prednizone and the symptoms were gone the next day--i am now drinking black cherry concentrate-one tablespoon to one cup of water--daily and this seems to help. I am also told celery seed extract is good for this but have not tried it yet--

RC 4 years ago

Here is a few foods I've found in my case that help:

berries- (cherries, raspberries, strawberries, blackberries) fresh or frozen. Purée'd or by themselves.

Low fat dairy like yogurt and sour cream

Juices-make sure they 100% juice NOT from concentrate.


Pickle juice- sounds strange, but helps purify your entire bloodstream

this isn't a lot but it's what I eat during an attack. I'm 30 and have had gout for 5 years. I've taken pretty much all the above prescriptions and found celebrex help reduce swelling during attacks, and Uloric seems to work the best. Beef, beans, brown gravy and beer tend to trigger my gout. Never had issue with pork, turkey, or chicken. So if your symptoms resemble mine, I hope this helps.

Be careful trying to lose weight guys. When you burn fat, your body releases uric acid into your bloodstream, so find a happy medium and don't over do it.

Stevo 4 years ago

Need to lose weight so am going gym but this can cause gout, this is crazy

Hans 4 years ago

Gout sufferer for about 8 years now and I'm still confused as to what foods to avoid. Does anybody use a uric acid (UA) monitor to keep track of their UA levels daily or after a risky meal?

What is consistently true though is that water does help a lot. UA, like any other crystals develop more easily when the medium it's in (in this case, blood and joints) is dehydrated. So always hydrate and expel the excess UA through the urine. I drink at least 3L of water daily now and it helps tremendously. I drink a cup every hour until I urinate every hour. Then I reduce the frequency to a cup every 2 hours or whenever I feel thirsty. I've also heard that slightly alkaline water is good (because alkaline neutralises acid), but I haven't tried it.

My doctors have also told me that fat tissues store a lot of UA as well, and they've advised me to get to a healthier weight. For some reason, it never occurred to me that the UA will be released back into the blood stream, like RC commented above.

So 3 weeks ago, I started exercising again. I was losing like 5lbs a week doing cardio and weight training. I was so excited with the progress I was making that I cut down my carbs to a minimum and doubled my protein (chicken breast) to help me keep the muscle I already have and burn more fat. 10 days later, I paid dearly for it. I was LOSING WEIGHT TOO QUICKLY which was mostly fat (I have a scale that can tell body fat and muscle percentage) and I INCREASED MY INTAKE OF PROTEIN (even though it wasn't normally a trigger). Worst gout attack I ever experienced and I'm still feeling it as of right now, though it's gotten a lot better.

My advice for those of you who are exercising and trying to lose a lot of weight (50lbs or more), forget about weight training and gaining muscle for the time being. Focus on getting to a healthy weight first by doing moderate pace, low impact cardio like brisk-walking, swimming, elliptical machine or cycling. Once you're down, you can then actually see what you're really working with (muscle wise) and then SLOWLY but STEADILY work out to gain or tone the muscle. I now need to restructure my exercise routine and I hope I can start again soon. Been 2 weeks since I did any physical activity and I miss it!

Mary Jean 4 years ago

I love sauces, good mushrooms, tea, rare roast beef, asparagus and wine but even limiting these doesn't completely eliminate the gout. This is the best site I've found for help. Am getting over an attack of gout after having blood work that showed that the uric acid was down...significantly...6 weeks ago. I don't want to take medication. And I am old, pushing 80. Thanks to all of you who report your problems.

mamasuzie 4 years ago

I have had severe gout attacks in the past year in my big toe. tried cortisone injections that seemed to help for a while. went to a reumatologist and he did blood work to check my uric acid level. It was up to9.0 much to high.... he started me on a regime of 5mg prednisone and 100mg of allopurinal. It has done wonders ...My uric acid is down to 4.o but he wants to make sure all the crystal are out of my joints before he takes me off the prednisone.. I can only thank God that I am out of pain, no attacks at all for the last 6 months.

kptprice 4 years ago

I have had gout on and off a number of times at I am now 58 and in the midst of an attack in my left big toe. It hurts terribly and been drinking a real lot of water hoping to cleanse my system. Since this has just started I am hoping I can stop any progression. My wife died a year ago so I am alone and taking care of oneself is a big task especially having to walk. I am hoping some salad with a little white meat chicken I will be able to eat. Have ate nearly nothing and know to stay away from pork and red meat. Hoping white chicken and I am diabetic which compounds this is not easy. Any help from anyone would be great appreciated. I used to take allopurinal but Dr took me off it but I intend once this is gone if it ever does get back on it. This is my first attack in a little over 2 yrs and you cannot forget the pain because to me its extreme. I also have neuropathy and wondering if the medicines I take for it might contribute to this. God bless all the people who suffer from this as it is truly awful.

Igotit2 4 years ago

So clarify something no protein??? Kinda what about tofu it's a bean product and no green salads or spinach or mushrooms... Huh just trying to do this right. So what about a doing a kidney cleanse if the kidneys are having trouble processing uruc acid and changing my diet but I still want to lose a little bit of weight but maintain strength... Thoughts!!! On an active life style and diet to balance out this thing we call "gout"

s k ramnagar 4 years ago

i have gout scince last 3 years ,i personally feel that gout is not a serious deases if you have been taking gout like foods.i never feel gout if i had ate chicken but if i had been red meat it is 100% sure tht i had suffered from gout.drinks lot of water almost 8 to 10 glass of water in a day you will be less affeted by gout.

sk ramnagar

st lainie 4 years ago

I had my first attack 5 yrs. ago when my Mom died, and one recently when my 14 yr. old dog died. I do believe mine is highly stress related. I am now drinking more water and monitoring my purines. I tried baking soda with water and that seemed to help as well. Anyone else try the baking soda remedy?

loookiehere 3 years ago

Hello and Yes a Gout Sufferer,

I only get the Gout in the Shoulders and Neck and the PAIN is Horrible!

I walk every day and example here 58 miles in OCT...don't eat red meat,NO shell Fish of any kind,I do drink Wine on occasion and I am constantly looking for the

I do take this Gout seriously and have take the Colchicine on the first ache in the area and it does goes away within a couple of days but also have received Morphine Shots for the pain.

Just have to keep with trial and error I think.

Good Luck sufferers

Steve in the UK 3 years ago

Liver does me in , and I love liver , but no more:-(

I feel like an old cripple when I get an attack , I don't think people realise the pain we go through !

Raceboi 2 years ago

Hello I'm only 28 years old when I was 20 I've got my first attack I didn't realized that I have a gout when I was 22 I had gout because of the blood test last July I've got another 1 month attack left and right I tried to be vegetarian no meat and fish but last Friday I had again...and it is new because I can't walk because my knee hurts like my feet before huhuuhu.....

Don 2 years ago

Hello, my experience with this cruel affliction is a combination of many of the above stories which just shows me that we are all very different in how we contract a gout attack and how we handle certain foods.

My number one piece of advice would be ,if you are having a gout attack do not take any type of anti inflammatory . At this stage inflammation is your friend! The pain will get much worse if you take anti inflammatorys.

julie 2 years ago

My mom had severe gout and in no time she was able 2 walk again. She rub gas pills or charcoal tablets with flax seeds into a paste put it directly on the gout area and add a little warm water to it. Leave on for 40 min. And then soak the remaining in warm water. Gout was on her toes and foot. Cured it with a good old family remedy. Really works good luck.

Steve 2 years ago

Several months ago I awoke and thought I had sleep-walked and kicked something and broke a bone in my foot. I even went to A&E to be x-rayed. As soon as a doctor saw me "shuffling", he said you've got gout. Didn't believe him. X-ray, nothing. One week ago, same. Went to work for 2 days. Couldn't stand it anymore. Doctors, same "shuffle". You've got gout. Unbelievable pain. Prescribed Arthrexin. Miracle drug. Gone 2hrs. Taking 2 three times a day. Just got to sort out my diet. Thanks for your info.

MARIAH 17 months ago

ram 16 months ago

Wonder if to much orange can start a gout attack

Glen Carlson profile image

Glen Carlson 6 weeks ago

I hate gout and I keep having recurring attacks. Before I read this article, I thought I was doing something good by avoiding beef and pork and eating turkey. I haven't eaten a whole lot of turkey sandwich for breakfast (yes, I'm different) with a slice of smoked turkey breast, cheddar cheese, mayo and mustard. *sigh*

Mimi micha 6 weeks ago

I have gout in my left big toe. At the emerg, the cut into it and stuff came out, looking like mayo. Anyone out there who had the same?

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