Quinine is a bitter chemical from the cinchona tree. It’s a good treatment for malaria but can produce side effects. Treating leg cramps with quinine is risky.
Why do prescriptions run out of refills? And when they do, what do you do about it? As a pharmacist, I am aware that this is a frustrating problem for many people.
As someone who regularly suffers from migraines with weird symptoms, I have undergone a number of MRIs. Being claustrophobic makes it worse. So how do I get through these procedures?
Are you a candidate for a total knee replacement? If so, I hope this article, which includes my husband's joint replacement, will benefit you. Hip and shoulder replacement candidates can also benefit.
Since 1999, I have had prostate problems leading to biopsies in 2000 and 2003. Based on personal experiences, this article details what to expect after having undergone a prostate biopsy.
Seizures after anesthesia are a rare, but they are a recognized complication in the post-operative period. Learn about the risk factors for this complication.
What is the half life of a drug? Learn about the types, equation, and formula for the half life, as well as how to calculate a drug dose schedule.
This article explains what the abdominal/pelvic CT procedure is, why it may be done, and what the doctor may be looking for. Three videos are included to demonstrate what the images may look like.
This article is a summary of the available prescription medications used to treat migraine headaches. Both preventative and acute treatments are discussed.
Femoral nerve blocks are useful for knee and thigh surgery. An anesthesiologist explains the technique, uses, and risks of the commonly used femoral nerve block.
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a state in which a decline in learning, memory, and/or personality changes persist long after the surgery.
HIV counselors focus on education and prevention. This article explains what HIV counselors do and where they can work.
Knowing what to expect during your CT scan (aka CAT scan) can help reduce any anxiety you may have. This article explains everything that will happen before, during, and after the procedure.
My 5-year-old son had his adenoids removed recently after he had repeated ear infections. This is a story of our experience from the infections to post-surgery recovery.
Beclomin cream is a skin preparation used for mixed fungal and bacterial skin infections with associated inflammation. This article describes its uses and side effects.
Learn what to expect after meniscus surgery, from a patient's perspective. See pictures of what your knee will look like after a partial meniscectomy. Learn what the recovery is really like.
Serotonin syndrome is a serious and potentially dangerous condtions which may result from interactions between certain prescription drugs. In this article a pharmacist briefly explains the nature of serotonin syndrome, what causes it, and how to avoid serotonin syndrome.
Considering a tonsillectomy as an adult? Based on my personal experience, here is a guide about what to expect during the procedure as well as during recovery.
Did you ever leave the doctor's office more confused than you came in or just not so sure what to do next? Let's make sure it doesn't happen again.
An interscalene block of the brachial plexus is used to provide pain relief during and after shoulder surgery. Find out from an anesthesiologist what you should know before having this type of block.
Lexapro, a common antidepressant and anti-anxiety treatment, can be riddled with hidden physiological complications and side effects.
Post-spinal anesthesia side effects can result from the needles, the technique, or the medications used. Most side effects are minor and short-lived.
Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and also suppress the immune system in autoimmune diseases and organ transplants. They are useful drugs but have side effects.
Vicodin, Lortab, and Norco are common prescription medications for pain. This article compares the ingredients and offers suggestions for deciding which might be appropriate in various circumstances.
Learn the basics for writing a SOAP note for medical school or becoming an Advanced Practice Nurse. Healthcare providers need to be fluent in this form of charting.
Acetaminophen (or paracetamol) relieves pain and reduces fever. Its method of action is only partially understood. The drug is toxic to the liver at high doses.
My son suffered a herniated disc, which led to a microdiscectomy procedure. This is the story of his experience, including the recovery phase.
Nursing care shouldn't be only about treating the physical diagnosis of the patient. Therapy should encompass the whole person, as well as their environment, in order for real healing to take place.
Zyrtec is a useful drug if taken on a short-term basis. However, when taken for greater periods of time, Zyrtec side effects can lead to chronic itching, hives, and very unpleasant living.
Peritol is a brand name of Cyproheptadine. It is used as an appetite stimulant. The main side effects are drowsiness and sedation.
Do you know why it's important to periodically count the pills you get at the pharmacy? A home quality check ensures that you're getting what you paid for and that you won't run out of medicine early.
What's the difference between two nasal corticosteroids, Nasonex and Flonase? The biggest difference might be price, since the effectiveness is virtually the same.
BuSpar is a medication used to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is generally taken twice a day and comes in a dividose tablet form. It has several interactions, one of which is grapefruit.
Emergency versus non-emergency, as well as ALS versus BLS, are two important questions to consider when evaluating which ambulance base rate should be filed with your ambulance claim.
The cost of a Crystalens implant can vary widely. Learn how the cost can be affected by a surgeon's philosophy and product packaging—from personal experience and the experience of others.
Doctors are only human. Breaking down the barrier between doctor and patient is crucial to achieve earlier diagnosis and better prognosis for patients who are suffering from debilitating illnesses.
Blood banks are not actually banks as we know them; they are used for the storage and distribution of blood and blood products.
What is naltrexone? As a pharmacist, I'm frequently asked about this medication, as well as many others.
Learn about the tricks health insurance companies and their providers use to increase their bottom lines.
So, you're in the hospital and the alarm on the telemetry monitor is going off. But the staff tells you its nothing but PVCs. What gives?!? Well, PVCs aren't a big deal. Read on to learn why.
Ever wonder "What is the difference between a spinal and an epidural?" Read an anesthesiologist's response to this question.
Have you ever wondered if the color of a throat lozenge matters? The flavor? It does. Different ingredients also means different amounts of medications.
What's the difference between Flonase and Flonase Sensimist? Is one better or more effective than the other? Read this article, written by a community pharmacist.
Candid-V1, -V3, and -V6 are anti-fungal vaginal preparations that come with a clotrimazole tablet and an applicator. It is used to treat vaginal candidiasis, also known as yeast infection.
Personal experience with cataract surgery and a Crystalens implant, including the surgery, early results and the costs of the procedure
At the age of 65, I had internal and external hemorrhoids removed by surgery. This article first examines the nature of hemorrhoids and then details what to expect after hemorrhoid removal surgery.
The ventrogluteal injection site is the preferred injection site for adults and children over 7 months.
When an emergency arises requiring admission to a hospital, one of the first questions paramedics ask is, "Which hospital would you like to go to?" How do you choose?
Levoxyl is a thyroid hormone tablet used to replace the most active form of thyroid hormone (T4) that your body produces when your thyroid gland does not produce enough. Learn about some of the important side effects.
Spinal taps can make diagnoses that save lives, but they can have painful side effects. Watch out for these signs that you might be suffering from a post-dural headache.
This article covers information and resources about immunizations for adults to help prevent diseases such as chicken pox, measles, rubella, and tetanus.
YAG capsulotomies are routine procedures used to restore vision after the formation of a secondary cataract, also called posterior capsular opacification.
A common ethical dilemma in nursing arises when the religious persuasion of parents making medical choices for their children clashes with the doctor's assessment of what's best.
This article discusses the uses of both ibuprofen and acetaminophen, as well as potential risks. Because so many drugs contain acetaminophen, accidental overdose is very common.
The entire body is affected by an anesthetic. Here, a board-certified anesthesiologist gives an overview of the effects of anesthesia from head to toe.
Taking too many OTC medicines together can make you feel worse, not better. To avoid that weird feeling, choose the medicine that is most appropriate for your symptoms.
The corticosteroid prednisone definitely saves lives but has some serious and life-long consequences. Here, a physician and patient formerly on long-term prednisone discusses the pros and cons of this potent medication.
Taking antibiotics can make you very sick, and even kill you. After taking clindamycin for a oral infection, I developed a rampant C. diff infection that landed me in the hospital.
The sweat chloride test for cystic fibrosis measures chloride ions in an individual's sweat. A positive result indicates the presence of cystic fibrosis.
There are a number of different reasons why you may need to undergo a colostomy surgical procedure. Here are seven potential reasons.
What is an epidural? Learn about the risks, benefits, and potential complications from a board-certified anesthesiologist.
With so many kinds of ibuprofen on the market, it can be confusing to determine which one to buy. Which ones are appropriate for children? What are the age limits? Are they really that different?
A review of my experience at Shriners Hospital, including information about the hospital, my journey as a patient, life after leaving Shriners, and recommendations for future patients.
Lidocaine is commonly used for local anesthesia. While its use is safe when dosing guidelines are followed, there are some risks, complications, and potential toxicity issues to understand.
Has your massage therapist commented on the knots in your back? Do you really have a defect that only a professional can feel, let alone treat? Find out what those "knots" really are.
Candida albicans is a yeast that lives in humans. It's generally harmless but may sometimes multiply dramatically. Nystatin is an effective medicine for the infection.
Millions of medicines are taken every year by human beings—but how many of us know how they actually work? Why they can be dangerous, and why is it important to take them as prescribed?
This is a summary of what prednisone is, a list of side effects (short and long-term), as well as the effects of prednisone withdrawal on the body. This is not a substitute for medical advice.
At first it's hard to come to terms with. You have a s**t bag stuck to your stomach because you've just had a colostomy. Emotional stress is to be expected . . . but how should you deal with it?
Activities have the power to engage mental health clients in groups where they learn knowledge and skills to cope with the challenges they face. Use these activities to make your groups fun.
One of the most important—and dangerous—tasks assigned to an anesthesiologist is securing the airway of the unconscious patient. Find out how and why this is done from a certified anesthesiologist.
The doctors’ primary concerns when you wake up in recovery are your levels of pain and nausea. I wasn’t nauseous and only had a mild soreness in my chest.
Getting ready to go on vacation? Planning a week or two away from home? Filling your medications while you are away can be a concern. Here are suggestions from an experienced pharmacist.
Anesthesiologists are medical doctors who specialize in the care of patients before, during and after surgery. Whether the anesthetic is routine and easy or emergent and life-threatening, the anesthesiologist is with the patient the whole time they are in the operating room.
This is the real-life experience of a family member who had core decompression and then total double hip replacement to treat his avascular necrosis. What to expect at the hospital and at home.
So you've be told you need additional testing after your mammogram. Handling the anxiety can be rough.
Regional anesthesia refers to numbing a region of the body, rather than the whole body. An anesthesiologist discusses different techniques to induce regional anesthesia.
Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid pain medication, is a powerful drug. Its use in the operating room is routine and valuable, as explained in this article. Abuse and addiction with fentanyl are dangerous and often deadly, even with just one use.
This article reviews some of the essential functions of case managers. Case managers play an important role in the healthcare system.
High blood pressure can be a problem during general anesthesia and surgery. If you are facing surgery, controlling your hypertension will make your anesthetic as safe as possible.
A board-certified anesthesiologist explains what to expect when you have general anesthesia, possible side effects, and potential complications. Frequently asked questions are answered, as well.
I very recently had sinus surgery to remove nasal polyps, a mucocele, and to widen my sinus openings. Here is my story.
Whether you are planning to have knee replacement surgery, or whether you're currently recovering from the procedure, there's a lot to know. This is what I learned from my experience.
When you have a cold, the last thing you want to think about is drug-drug interactions. Fortunately, your pharmacist can help you select a product that is safe for you and will provide relief.
While not appropriate for everyone, these generic medications offer a big price break on everyday medications for allergies, heartburn, and the common cold.
With so many cosmetic lasers for fat reduction, how do you know which to choose? As a professional who has performed numerous treatments for guests, here is my personal opinion review on the Lipo Laser by Meridian Medical (which is different and...
Why it can be important for senior citizens to by Medigap policies, how much they cost, and the best way to purchase them.
CT contrast, also known as contrast dye, is used to better visualize blood vessels and some internal organs. How does it work? Are there any side effects and/or risks?
The Patients' Bill of Rights established a set of standards by which health care providers should conduct themselves in patient care. Know your rights when it comes to your medical care.
Zinc oxide relieves the discomfort of skin irritations and act as a sunscreen. The chemical is safe, although there are some concerns about its nanoparticle form.
Face-down positioning after a vitrectomy can be a boring yet stressful time. Here are a few things I did to make the experience easier for me.
There are three classes of blood thinner medications that treat clots: anticoagulants, thrombolytics, and antiplatelets. Learn about the differences between these classes.
While starting any business is challenging, setting up a counseling practice tends to prove especially daunting. This type of practice requires both stamina and openness to innovation.
Cataracts will affect all of us at one point in our lives. This article has all the information you need to make an informed decision when it's time for surgery.
Doctors sometimes use a fecal transplant to add bacteria to the large intestine. The procedure can be very helpful for C. diff infections and for some cases of IBD.
In this article, I provide first-person experience with individuals I have known who suffered knee problems, along with some useful links to additional information. Some suggestions for decision-making, along with photos and a video, are included.
A career as an ophthalmic technician is very rewarding and can be lucrative, as well. This article details the daily duties of an ophthalmic technician.
Would it scare you to know that no one really knows how anesthesia gases work? As amazing as it is, it's true, as explained here by a physician anesthesiologist.
Keeping secrets is only one of the things that nurses do best. From test results to warding off bad spirits, this article reveals why nurses do what they do and what to expect in the hospital.
Learn about what to expect from a CT scan, including reasons your doctor may recommend the procedure, risks vs. benefits, preparing for the procedure and the scan, and follow-up care with your doctor.
What is local anesthesia? How do local anesthetics work? And, most importantly, what do you need to know about their uses and risks as a health consumer or patient?
Effexor withdrawal symptoms have only recently been recognized. Symptoms, advice and treatment for venlafaxine (Effexor) withdrawal.
Some important information about mixing two of the most commonly used over-the-counter medications—Tylenol (acetaminophen) and aspirin.
A discussion about options that can help people who lose their health care coverage to find care when it is needed.
This is a discussion of mental health group topics that will help you organize focused therapy groups or to create a complete therapy program. Subtopics are also included for each primary topic.
What is that statement you just received from your health insurance? It's called an Explanation of Benefits, or an EOB. Does it actually explain anything? Or does it just create confusion?
The Madagascar periwinkle contains vinblastine and vincristine, which are used in cancer chemotherapy. Velvet beans contain L-dopa, a chemical used to treat Parkinson's disease.
Candid mouth paint is an anti-fungal oral medication manufactured by Glenmark Pharmaceuticals of India. The active ingredient of Candid mouth paint is clotrimazole, which is used to treat oral thrush.
As an anesthesiologist, I sometimes hear patients ask me, "Are you going to use the 'Michael Jackson Drug' on me?" Propofol is is safe and effective when administered by qualified professionals.
When you're dehydrated, oral rehydration solutions are much more effective for rehydration than water, soft drinks, or fruit juices.
Methylene blue is a dye used to stain tissues and is used as a medication, as well. It has some important health benefits, but it also has some health risks.
Diabetes is a systemic disease affecting the whole body. Both type I and type II diabetes present risks that must be considered by the anesthesiologist before, during, and after surgery.
What if you might be able to save some money if you find Advicor too expensive? It is made up of lovastatin and niacin (vitamin B3). Check it out.
Generic drugs are comparable to brand name drugs in all areas. They both have the same active ingredients, intended use, route of administration, strength, dosage form, quality, and performance.
As an anesthesiologist, I see many people facing surgery, some for the first time. Find out the best ways to calm yourself down before day surgery.
If you must have your appendix removed because of appendicitis, here is my story about my laparoscopic appendectomy. I hope it helps you prepare for your surgery.
Why do we have to wait for so long in the emergency room? This article discusses the organization of American ERs, and why we have to wait when we are sick.
Medicare Advantage Plans may seem like a good deal, but many people are finding out that this is not the case. Learn what you need to know before you sign up.
These are the highlights of my jaw surgery—from the hospital stay to my recovery time at home. The surgery solved my overbite issue, and I survived the procedure and the hospital stay. However, it was not a walk in the park.
The cost of herniated disc surgery depends on several factors. In this article, I discuss the cost of my son's microdiscectomy, as well as information about what to expect before and afterward.
A long-term kidney transplant recipient lists her top 10 ways to keep an organ transplant going strong. This helpful and encouraging advice can apply to the recipient of any type of organ transplant.
Hip replacement is a routine surgery, and the techniques are well tested. Recovery can be very speedy indeed, although there are a number of factors that will impact the specific outcome.
There is so much information out there on whether or not to get the flu shot. What's a person to do? A walk through my search and what I found.
Having researched and analyzed the Medicare options for myself, I have a thorough understanding of the system and can teach you what you need to know.
Cysts are a very common medical problem. In this article, I share photos of what my cyst looked like—inside and out!
You've just been accepted into nursing school. Congratulations! Now you need to know what supplies you'll need for your education. Here is a thorough list from a recent nursing school graduate.
If you are trying to taper off Zoloft, or if you quit cold turkey and are having side effects or withdrawal symptoms, you are not alone. Getting off Zoloft is not always easy...
For over a month, people across the US have been wondering what happened to the supply of atenolol, a drug commonly used to control blood pressure. Learn about the shortage and what options you have
Learn the most important facts about spinal anesthesia, what to expect, side effects, and potential complications to prepare for your surgery.
I discovered the importance of my thyroid gland only after I no longer had one. Following my thyroidectomy, I struggled with weight gain. In this article, I share what I've learned.
Ever wonder how much it will cost you to train to become a certified nursing assistant (CNA)? Learn from someone who went through the process herself.
Gas pain after surgery is a common complaint. This articles offers tips and advice from a board-certified anesthesiologist for how to prevent and treat post-operative gas pain.
I had bunion surgery six months ago. Here are some recovery photos, as well as tips for coping by rearranging your bedroom, making adjustments to your daily activities, and asking for help.
Are you wondering if you can eat a normal diet after gallbladder removal surgery? Dietary complications may vary from one person to the next, but there are foods that can help in the healing process.
What is an MAO inhibitor? What does it treat, how does it work, and what are the risks associated with taking it?
Being awake under anesthesia is a serious and traumatic event. A board-certified anesthesiologist discusses this frightening complication, risk factors, and why it most likely won't happen to you.
Vecuronium and rocuronium are commonly used neuromuscular blockers. The medical professionals who use them may call them "paralytics" or "muscle relaxants."
Are you having a calcium scoring test? Here is what you need to know about why your doctor ordered it and what it will tell about your health.
It's important to keep your medications organized. Here are a few simple guidelines you should follow when organizing your medications.
Understanding the features of a normal knee X-ray can help you identify any problems you are having. Includes multiple knee X-ray views.
Malignant hyperthermia is an uncommon skeletal muscle disorder affecting people undergoing general anesthesia during surgeries. This article covers its diagnosis, pathophysiology, and management.
Do you get clammy, sweaty, light-headed, hot, and nauseous when approached by a needle? This is not weakness. In this article, an anesthesiologist explains the vasovagal reaction.
Stitches have been used to close wounds for thousands of years. Staples, tape, and adhesive are also used today. Laser welding of wounds may be common soon.
The MRI procedure might be scary and upsetting for an anxious or claustrophobic person. This article offers information and coping methods for patients. It also provides helpful resource information.
Thinking about taking part in a research study? Here are the top 7 things you should know before agreeing to become a participant.
This article talks about what happens to hair after chemo therapy has ended and your hair starts growing back.
Adult tonsillectomies are more common than you might think, but the recovery process is often tiring and somewhat painful. Avoid prolonging your recovery time with a few simple post-op care tips.
A board-certified anesthesiologist discusses the common cardiac effects of general anesthesia and also explains why there is some variability.
What can you eat after you've had your gallbladder removed? Learn what to eat and what to avoid post-cholecystectomy and beyond. Get your life back after gallbladder removal!
Are you facing cataract surgery in the near future? If so, please consider these five topics, presented in order of importance, based on my own experience.
A look at the problems with collecting accurate pulse oximetry readings in newborns. This is for nurses or anyone else interested in the technical aspects of infant care.
So, what was it like going to Thailand to have sex reassignment surgery? Here is my experience, in a nutshell.
Cervical spine surgery is a procedure that corrects the movement of the neck and alleviate nerve compression. The prospect of surgery can be downright intimidating. If you are having one in the future, continue reading to know what to expect. ...
These are rules to remember in an operating room. These five short sayings will keep you out of trouble if you follow them.
An anesthesiologist explains the various terms used to describe sedation, anesthesia, and analgesia.
Prescription muscle relaxers have a broad ranges of uses, both for acute and chronic illness. In this article, a pharmacist presents all of the currently available prescription muscle relaxers.
A doctor will often order a HIDA scan if gallbladder problems are suspected but an ultrasound shows no stones.
Oxycontin, Percocet, and Vicodin are common prescription medications. This article describes what they are and how they can be safely used as well as my professional advice as a pharmacist.
Endometriosis affects 10% or more of women worldwide. Many different medications are used to treat the symptoms and shrink the endometrial lesions, although there are no known cures.
Before you get a tetanus vaccination, find out what it is, who should be vaccinated, what is in a tetanus shot, the side effects, and whether you can prevent tetanus without getting vaccinated.
Have you ever wondered what it's like to be a dentist? Do you know what your dentist does while you're sitting in the chair waiting?
In this article, I will discuss my experience with Accutane, including how to combat side effects and tips on Accutane-friendly makeup and products.
After getting gum grafting surgery, I wanted to recover FAST for an upcoming New Year's event. This is what I did to move things along more quickly.
There are a number of different refractive surgery procedures, but LASIK is the most popular and for good reason. Learn more about this popular procedure.
Are you scared to have D&C? Entering the women's surgery center, I feared this common operation on the uterus. But this outpatient procedure has changed since your mother had it 20 years ago.
Taking Mirapex for restless leg syndrome (RLS) can result in a destructive compulsion to gamble. This is the story of a loved one who unfortunately developed this addiction.
A guide to help you navigate the maze of Medicare Part D plans using simple and easy to use methods.
Before emailing a therapist or doctor, clients must be mindful of confidentiality, frequency, content, length, fees, and response time. Read more before you email your therapist or doctor.
Bladder retention after general anesthesia is fairly common. Find out why this happens. Understand your own risk factors and related complications from a board-certified anesthesiologist.
If you have a Flexible Spending Account, you know you must spend all your money within a certain amount of time. Here are some FSA-eligible products in case you need to do some last-minute spending.
Pulmonary embolism patients will encounter a wide range of doctors, specialists, and other professionals during treatment and recovery. This is a description of the various professionals you may meet.
As someone who takes thyroid medication, I wrote this article to share my experience and to provide information for others who might have thyroid conditions.
Candiderma cream is a topical skin preparation used to treat mixed fungal, bacterial, and inflammatory skin conditions.
Learn about various lens implants for cataracts, including premium lenses that may eliminate the need for glasses. This article is based on the author's personal experience with cataract surgery.
I was totally unprepared for my orbital decompression surgery, and it ended up being a nightmare! By sharing my experience, I hope that others will be more prepared than I was.
Surgical repair of your shoulder, including your rotator cuff, labrum, bicep, and tendon, can be a scary proposition. Learn what to expect on the day of surgery, as well as the immediate recovery.
Budesonide is a corticosteroid that reduces inflammation. Formoterol is a bronchodilator. Both medications are useful for asthma management.
CNA's are an important part of the healthcare team. Here is some advice on how to be a well-loved and respected aide.
Oleanz is an antipsychotic medication manufactured by Sun Pharma, India. It is used for psychotic symptom control, and its main side effects are drowsiness and weight gain.
Surgery is typically performed for severe laryngomalacia when sleep apnea or growth failure are present. What to expect when your child has a supraglottoplasty or epiglottopexy.
A medical transcriptionist will transcribe all kinds of diagnostic data in their lifetime. Learn more about TFTs, LFTs, cardiac enzymes, coagulation panels, and cholesterol profiles.
Have you been told that your medication is not FDA-approved? Does that mean it's illegal? Or dangerous? Some meds on the market today never passed the FDA review.
Salbutamol (also known as albuterol and Ventolin) is used in rescue inhalers for asthma. Research suggests that it may reduce the risk of Parkinson's disease.
Sporidex is an antibiotic commonly used for urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, middle ear infections, sinus infections, and skin infections. Generally, it causes few side effects.
Stethoscopes are important tools for finding out what’s going on inside the human body. This article gives you some basic tips for how to use your stethoscope—and what you should be looking for.
It's scary to hear a drug referred to as a "paralytic," but sometimes their administration is medically necessary. Neuromuscular blocking agents are used to make anesthesia and surgery safer.
Asthma and general anesthesia both affect the airways, lungs, and breathing. A certified anesthesiologist explains what asthmatics need to know in order to safely proceed with surgery.
I had a macular pucker peel procedure done on my left eye. This article covers everything you need to know if you're considering this procedure for yourself.
Home INR management is an option for some patients on warfarin (Coumadin). It is reliable for most patients but not all. Learn about the benefits of home INR testing and a list of machine suppliers.