How to Become a Licensed Practical Nurse
How to Become a Licensed Practical Nurse
Interested in learning how to become a licensed practical nurse (LPN)? Becoming an LPN is the quickest route into the nursing field. It is a direct path to nursing that requires approximately one to two years of schooling.
LPNs are nurses who take care of the sick, disabled, or injured. In some states, they are known as Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVNs). There's no difference between the two titles other than geography. LVNs exist only in Texas and California, whereas all other states call them LPNs.
After completing nursing school, an LPN must receive continuing health education to maintain their license. LPNS can continue on to an LPN-to-RN bridge program to become a Registered Nurse (RN).
LPNs often work under the supervision of RNs. RNs have additional responsibilities that go above and beyond what an LPN is licensed to do, like creating care plans, performing assessments, and specializing in a specific medical area. Becoming an RN requires additional training and education, and thus the salary is higher.
Becoming an LPN opens a variety of opportunities.
Salary of a Practical (Vocational) Nurse
According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics, the job outlook for LPNs is increasing by 16%. The average salary is $43,170 per year, and the hourly wage is $20.76 per hour (Bureau of Labor and Statistics, 2015).
Place of Work
LPNs/LVNs often work in long-term care, skilled nursing facilities, physician's offices, home health, or a hospital. They work under the direction of a Registered Nurse and physician, and they supervise nursing assistants and aides. The scope of practice often varies by both state and facility. LPNs may be able to infuse intravenous fluids, provide respiratory care to patients on a ventilator, and administer oral medications and injections. When administering medications, it’s important for LPNs to report adverse reactions.
LPNs perform a variety of important health care interventions. They measure vital signs, insert urinary catheters, and complete dressing changes on wounds. They perform activities of daily living, known as ADLs, including bathing, dressing, personal hygiene, toileting, repositioning, ambulating, and feeding. LPNs must perform patient and family education regarding medical treatments and at-home care.
LPNs can be school nurses, work in nursing homes and rehabilitation centers, and work in hospitals in teams with Registered Nurses and nurses aides. They can work in home health, hospice, and physician offices.
Required Education for LPNs and LVNs
Becoming a Licensed Practical Nurse is one of the quickest ways to become a nurse. The education to become a LPN covers a wide variety of nursing content, including anatomy and physiology, nutrition, pharmacology, maternal-child health, medical-surgical nursing, and psychosocial nursing. They also participate in clinical experience supervised by a clinical instructor at nursing homes, rehabilitation facilities, and hospitals.
The LPN program is a very intensive program of study. It's important to stay organized, study frequently, and attend all clinical experience. Unexcused absence and lack of preparation will result in failure for students. Nursing students are required to complete a great deal of reading, nursing skill lab assessments, and attend long clinical days. It's a heavy workload, but will result in a reward of becoming a nurse in one to two years.
In order to become a LPN, one must pass a Board of Nursing approved educational program. Practical nursing programs have a number of different types of accreditation, including the National League for Nurses Accreditation Council (NLNAC). There are 162 NLNAC certified Practical Nursing programs across the nation in 2010 (National League for Nursing Accreditation Committee, 2010).
There are proprietary schools (for-profit schools), as well as public colleges that provide LPN programs. It's important to be aware of what accrediting body has accredited the educational program that you select. If you decide to continue on for a higher degree, certain institutions require that your LPN school had NLNAC or Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) accreditation. The length of education is approximately one year.
LPNs (LVNs) are nurses who have a specific and important role in health care.
Passing State Boards
After one receives their diploma as a Practical Nurse (PN) or Vocational Nurse (VN), one must take the National Council Licensure Examination- Practical Nurse (NCLEX-PN) to become a licensed practical nurse. The NCLEX-PN is designed to test the knowledge, skills and abilities vital to the safe and efficient practice of practical nursing. The test is administered by Pearson VUE and developed by the National Council of State Boards of Nursing.
The test is a computerized adaptive testing format (CAT), meaning that the test questions adapt to the level of difficulty the examinee can answer. If the test-taker answers correctly on an item of intermediate difficulty, he or she will next encounter a more difficult question. If they answered the question incorrectly, they would next receive an easier question.
The test questions are written to an advanced cognition level and focus on safe effective care environment, health promotion and maintenance, psychosocial and physiologic integrity. Most NCLEX questions are multiple choice, select all that apply, free response medication calculations, arranging steps of nursing procedure, and identification of diagrams or drawings.
If you have more questions, you should visit your state's Board of Nursing to determine the requirements and legal ramifications that come with having a license as a LPN or LVN. There is also a national nursing organization for LPNs called the National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses at www.nflpn.org
Pursuing the LPN/LVN Career
If you have decided to pursue the LPN/LVN career path, congratulations! These nurses have an incredibly important role in the health care system. Becoming an LPN or LVN can be overwhelming, but here are a list of resources:
Bureau of Labor and Statistics
- Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses : Occupational Outlook Handbook : U.S. Bureau of
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (known as LPNs or LVNs, depending on the state in which they work) provide basic nursing care. They work under the direction of registered nurses and doctors.
National League for Nursing Accreditation Committee
- NLNAC - National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission
The National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission- the recognized body for the accreditation of all types of nursing education programs. NLNAC establishes accreditation Standards and Criteria for Nursing Education Programs.