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Uses and Side Effects of Peritol

Updated on January 30, 2017
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Dr. Manura Nanayakkara is a practicing doctor in Sri Lanka. He holds a postgraduate diploma in psychiatry.

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Peritol Syrup
Peritol Syrup

Introduction

Peritol is a brand name of Cyproheptadine. It has many actions, but one of most commonly utilized is its serotonin antagonist action. This action makes it a good appetite stimulant. In addition, Peritol inhibits histamine receptors. Therefore, it works as an anti-histamine medication, such as Piriton. Pertiol also causes drowsiness and helps to induce sleep. Anti-histamine indications are common colds and allergies.

Peritol should not be used for sleep. Other medications should be used for sleep problems.

Common uses of Peritol

  1. Appetite stimulant
  2. Anti-histamine (common cold, allergies)
  3. Sleep-inducing agent - effect wanes after some time
  4. Treatment of drug-induced akathisia - a troublesome side effect of some anti-psychotic medications.

How to use peritol

Usual dosage of peritol is 4mg thrice daily. That is 10ml of peritol syrup thrice daily.

What are the side effects of Peritol?

Main side effect of peritol is its ability to cause drowsiness and sedation. This action makes driving vehicles and operating machinery dangerous. In addition, drowsiness goes into next day morning and to make waking early morning difficult.

Peritol can cause weight gain due to its ability to increase appetite. In addition, using Peritol to induce appetite in a patient with an underlying disease (cancer) without investigating the cause for loss of appetite can be dangerous. In some countries this medication is available over the counter.

Other common side effects of Peritol

  • Headache
  • Psychomotor impairment
  • Urinary retention
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Gastro-intestinal disturbances

Rare side effects of Peritol include low blood pressure, palpitations, arrhythmias, dizziness, confusion, depression, sleep disturbances, tremors, fits, liver problems, and angle-closure glaucoma.

Peritol is available as tablets, capsules and syrups. It should ideally be taken in the night. Elderly people will get most of the side effects. In addition, it is not recommended to use Peritol in children.

Who should not use Peritol

This drug should not be used in patients with prostatic hypertrophy, urinary retention, in people susceptibility to angle-closure glaucoma, and in intestinal obstruction. Peritol should not be taken if you have liver diseases. It is because peritol can induce coma in liver failure. In addition, taking peritol to induce appetite without seeking a cause for appetite loss can be dangerous (some chronic diseases can cause appetite loss such as Tuberculosis).

Pregnancy and breastfeeding

Peritol should be avoided in pregnancy. Newborn irritability, paradoxical excitability, and tremor can occur following delivery. In addition, Peritol should not be used in mothers who are breastfeeding.

Summary

Peritol is a common over-the-counter appetite stimulant. However, it can cause some problematic side effects, such as drowsiness.

Drowsiness is a main side effect of Peritol that can cause serious injuries when driving.
Drowsiness is a main side effect of Peritol that can cause serious injuries when driving. | Source

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    • louiseelcross profile image

      Louise Elcross 5 years ago from UK

      Interesting.

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      Melissa patience 23 months ago

      Whenevyi took the peritol am wondering if when i stop talking it if the weight will come off

    • njmanura profile image
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      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 23 months ago from Sri Lanka

      Yes will weight will be lossed once it is stopped. Unless proper cause for weight loss is found

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      Melissa patience 23 months ago

      Okay how long it takes to gain weight when taking peritol

    • njmanura profile image
      Author

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 23 months ago from Sri Lanka

      It depends on host of other factors, therefore exact answer cannot be given. However, most people will experience weight gain within one month.

    • njmanura profile image
      Author

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 23 months ago from Sri Lanka

      It depends on host of other factors, therefore exact answer cannot be given. However, most people will experience weight gain within one month.

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      lisa 21 months ago

      About How much weight can be gained from peritol

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      madu 21 months ago

      Is it dangoures?

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      rahul sen 21 months ago

      Ye dawai khy kaam aati he

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      Abi 20 months ago

      Does it stop women from seeing there period?

    • njmanura profile image
      Author

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 20 months ago from Sri Lanka

      There is no relationship with periods and peritol

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      Den 19 months ago

      Can peritol cause a miscarriage?

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      Author

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 19 months ago from Sri Lanka

      It is unlikely. But it is safe not to take it in first 12 weeks of pregnancy.

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      vish 18 months ago

      how many times want to take

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      Angel 17 months ago

      Does pertiol causw swelling of the breast?

    • njmanura profile image
      Author

      Dr Manura Nanayakkara 17 months ago from Sri Lanka

      vish

      Three times per day

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      nishant bhende 10 months ago

      I m taking peritol,but when i stop,it getting me side effect like headach,filling weekness,i want to stop,plz help me out.

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      Destiny 2 months ago

      I have asthma can i take peritol??

      And how long after you're taking peritol u should gain weight?

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