How to Be Understanding With People With Bipolar Disorder
My Experience With Someone Close Who Has Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is more than difficult for the person diagnosed with the disorder, but it is often not discussed that it may be even harder on their family and friends. Growing up, I always knew that my mother wasn't like most people—in more ways than one. She would have months of depression, and then, the next month—as if with a flip of a giant light-switch—she would turn 180 degrees and act the exact opposite.
If you know anything about bipolar disorder, you will know that "bipolar" means "two poles." These poles represent the two episodes a bipolar person can experience: depressive episodes and manic episodes. Sometimes, they can experience more than two episodes within a given year. There are different types of bipolar disorder and various signs and symptoms that I will discuss in this article; however, my main objective is to assist—even in a tiny way—the loved ones of bipolar people with the coping skills and empathy needed in situations involving bipolar people.
Her Manic Episodes
I will begin with the first emotional polar extreme—mania. Amongst the many experiences with my mom's manic episodes, one particular experience sticks out in my mind.
When I was about the age of ten, my mom spilled a pot of chili on the white kitchen floor. She threw an uncountable number of curses around, and she literally scrubbed the floor on her hands and knees for close to an hour, or maybe longer—even long after the chili was entirely cleaned off the floor. She was extremely irritable during these episodes, snapping at people around her for minor reasons. I never quite understood why she was so annoyed by normal, everyday occurrences—and I came to think that that was just a normal way to act.
Now, the more I read and educate myself on bipolar disorder symptoms, I begin to realize that many people diagnosed with bipolar disorder act the same way that my mother had acted all of these years, including the tendency to make spontaneous and sometimes dangerously over-the-edge decisions. There are other symptoms that are exacerbated by a state of mania or depression, which I will discuss in detail later.
Her Depressive Episodes
During my adolescence, my mom went through a depressive state that felt like it lasted for years. I am sure she had manic episodes during this depressive period, but all I can recollect was the hopelessness and grief radiating from her every pore. In the midst of her depression, and possibly what triggered so many bouts of depression, came a menace to her health: addiction. I believe that addiction is something that she has struggled with her entire life; however, it seemed to escalate during this particular period of time.
Symptoms of her depressive state of mind included constant crying, a hopeless outlook on life, lack of motivation to perform at her job, lack of energy, and constant physical illnesses. One of the worst symptoms that rears its ugly head during depression is suicidal thoughts. There were many times when I had the feeling that she was going to try to take her own life—because she thought her life was that horrible.
I Learned to Empathize and Be More Understanding
I am not trying to discredit my loved one or shed a negative light on her by any means; however, people with bipolar disorder tend not to think of anyone but themselves because of the chemical imbalances in their brain. Because of this lack of awareness, other people around them tend to suffer just as much as they do.
Remember, there are ways to cope with and understand the bipolar person. As difficult as it is to empathize with a person who you feel is just so selfish, it is possible! You have to be willing to open your mind and realize that, for the bipolar person, this disorder cannot be easily overcome by sheer willpower. A regimen of the proper medications, self-awareness, and personal spirituality can help the bipolar person come out of the holes of depression and mania.
For the family members and friends of the bipolar person: you have to learn empathy and patience and realize that they do not want to seem so "selfish." These feelings and actions are not always controllable.
Different Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are variants of bipolar disorder: bipolar I, bipolar II, mixed, and rapid-cycling. Each of these types is defined by specific symptomatic characteristics.
- Bipolar I is the first to be used as a diagnosis. It involves heavy mood swings, including severe phases of mania and depression.
- Bipolar II involves more depression with less severe bouts of mania. It is also called hypomania.
- Mixed bipolar disorder is when mania and depression occur at the same time. As you can probably imagine, this is quite dangerous if left untreated.
- Rapid cyclers are known to have a minimum of four bouts of mania and depression alternating throughout a given year. Sometimes, they can have more than ten. This is exceedingly difficult for the people around the bipolar person since you never really know what to expect. It's kind of like you are walking on thin ice—24/7! I believe my mom is a rapid cycler because she has had more than four bouts of depression and mania in the period of a year.
Lesser-Known Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
To fully understand this mental disorder you have to be able to notice and be patient with all of its symptoms—even the less obvious ones. Besides the two major symptoms of bipolar disorder, mania and depression, there are other, lesser-known symptoms that seem to be present in the vast majority of people living with bipolar disorder. In fact, it is these secondary symptoms that can sometimes lead a psychologist to the correct diagnosis.
As much as 60% of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder also struggle with some sort of addiction during at least one period of their lives. These addictions can include sexual addictions, drug and/or alcohol abuse, and gambling addictions.
- Sexual addiction usually stems from a state of mania. Overheightened senses and an overabundance of certain hormones feed the bipolar person's need to find sexual gratification.
- Gambling addictions also originate from of manic episodes; it goes along with the split-second decision-making and wreckless spontaneity typically associated with bouts of mania.
- Research has shown that drug and alcohol abuse in bipolar persons seems to relate to a need to self-medicate in times of mania and depression. Cocaine and methamphetamines are the common choices to elevate their mood. Alcohol and pain meds tend to be used to calm the manic episodes. Unfortunately, addiction to any of these substances is unhealthy to the body, and in this case, actually makes their mental state even worse.
A more frightening symptom of bipolar disorder is hallucinations. These hallucinations can be either visual or auditory or both. Not only are they terrifying for the person experiencing them, but they are also terrifying for those around them who may not understand what is going on. Studies have shown that these hallucinations usually arise during manic episodes or when taking an overabundance of medications that do not fit their illness, including pain pill cocktails.
When I was about sixteen years old, my mom was going through one of her manic episodes, but at the same time, she was also taking too many medications. I believe her psychologist and doctor had her on a total of about twelve different medications, all at once. Anyone in their right mind can see how this overload of medicine would give hallucinations to even a totally stable-minded person. There is no doubt this plethora of pills messed with her mind the way it did. She experienced visual and auditory hallucinations during this period. I was worried about her physical and mental safety, so my stepfather and I committed her to the hospital to ween her off of the medications she was taking. After she was off this wave of pills, the manic episode leveled out, and she did not show any signs of hallucinations after that.
Last but surely not least of these lesser-known bipolar symptoms is delusions. For my mom, they seemed to be more delusions of grandeur during the manic episodes, but during the depressive episodes, they could be dark delusions of misery. My heart aches to think of the torture that her mind has been through—between the addictions, manic and depressive states, hallucinations, and delusions. I am sure that it is difficult for a bipolar person in these mental states to determine what is reality and what is not.
Delusions of grandeur are evident when a bipolar person feels like they are unstoppable or almost superhuman-like. An example would be Napoleon Bonaparte. Look into his life and you will see the many times where he seemed to exhibit the signs of ever-increasing delusions of grandeur (Ever heard of the Napoleon complex?) Case in point. Delusions, in this case, are thoughts about yourself that are far-fetched, and to the sane person, are obviously untrue. I am sure that all of us have some degree of delusion in our lives, at one point or another, but bipolar people tend to have more than one in a lifetime—and their delusions are much more severe.
Life Doesn't Stop With the Diagnosis
Famous People With Bipolar Disorder
The musician Sting, the actor Jim Carey, the composer Beethoven, the inventive guitarist and musician Jimi Hendrix, the comedian Ben Stiller, and the film-maker Tim Burton are among the famous and highly talented people who are living (or have lived) with bipolar disorder. If you have ever learned about the author Virginia Woolf in school, you would know that she suffered from depression and mood swings—most likely bipolar disorder—and she was unable to cope with her depressive episodes in the end.
Coping With Bipolar Disorder Is Possible
But there are ways to cope, and as a society, we are becoming more and more educated about psychological disorders and how they work. This, in turn, helps save those who battle these disorders. Lately, I'm beginning to wonder if Charlie Sheen isn't bipolar—I know he says he's "bi-winning"—but he seems to have all the classic traits of bipolar disorder. At the same time, I can't help but like the man!
The mere fact that there are so many brilliant people in the world that live somewhat normally with bipolar disorder today demonstrates that it is possible to get on with your life, whether you are the person with bipolar disorder or the family member or friend of the diagnosed person. It is also possible to take those experiences and teach others through any kind of medium. Let your experiences inspire you to help others.
Knowledge Is the Key to Understanding
I think the main problem stems from a lack of knowledge about bipolar disorder. I have been reading and studying bipolar disorder for a few months now and feel like I more thoroughly understand the symptoms of this disease. This has helped me feel less angry towards my mom for some of the occurrences when I was a child. As much as I always felt that she could help herself with these problems, I know now that she can only help herself to a certain degree. She cannot overpower a chemical imbalance in her brain—it just does not work like that!
I know some people believe that through spirituality and self-empowerment, it is possible to overcome depression and mania. Although this may be true for some people, for others—especially those who aren't religious—this theory does not fully pan out. It would take a very strong mind and a lot of willpower to overcome a mental disorder without medications and proper psychological treatment (it is almost never seen). Nonetheless, we must encourage our loved ones—and ourselves—to do their best to understand their disorder.
If you feel alone and do not know anyone who is in the same position as you, there are support groups all over the internet. You can get online and chat with someone who may be dealing with the same problems as yourself, or send emails with encouraging words. Read about bipolar disorder and the different symptoms that can occur. Whether you are bipolar or you are close to someone who is bipolar, you are not alone in this journey.
Questions & Answers
© 2011 Nicole Canfield