7 Use for Canes for People With Disabilities and More
What Are Canes?
Canes, also called walking sticks or staffs, can come in different styles and vary in length. Both young and elderly individuals may find the need for a cane at some point in their lives. Age is not the primary factor determining when a person requires the assistive device. The ability to independently perform daily activities with confidence is also a pivotal factor.
There are numerous other factors that can influence a person's cane selection. For example, some canes may have fancy design patterns on them. Others may be more simplistic. These helpful tools may be made from wood, metal, some synthetic material, or a combination of these. Canes may be adjustable or non-adjustable.
7 Purposes of Canes: Past and Present
As a rehabilitation counselor, I counseled clients on maximizing their need for independence by using an aid, such as a cane. In addition, I frequently remind my students who have vision loss to apply proper techniques when using their canes for travel. Furthermore, professionals known as orientation and mobility (O&M) specialists help individuals with vision loss travel safely with canes. Others may assist as well with those with multiple disabilities. Since these assistive devices can be flexible, here are some regular activities people with disabilities do with their canes. I’ve also noted some ways in which canes have been utilized over time, applying cane, walking stick, and staff interchangeably throughout this article.
- Accessory – People may use designer canes as a fashion statement like the one in the photo. Such a use has the added benefit for giving the person’s self-esteem a positive boost. Although such canes may merely be that, an accessory for dress, these canes may also be essential for mobility and support when a person is walking.
- Concealing various things – Flasks of whiskey, medicines, ammunition, knives, snuff – All could be hidden in compartments in some canes during the 1800’s. This allowed some versatility to the user when encountering different circumstances. These walking sticks were usually capable enough to still provide some level of support for the user.
- Protection – During the colonial period in the New World and before, walking sticks were seen as symbols of power. But they were probably used as defensive weapons by monks in Asia and in other places many centuries earlier. Staffs were important in protecting against bandits and keeping herds of animals safe from predators. However, the word “cane” began appearing around the 1700’s, and these supportive aids are not generally known or thought of as weapons today.
- Pushing or pulling – Canes may assist those with limited mobility in reaching out to pull or push items. This may include shoes or other clothing. Canes may be helpful for some people with limited arm and upper body strength to open and close a door, move drawers, assist with moving laundry baskets, etc. Essentially, these tools assist a person in enhancing his/her independence by providing him/her options to perform tasks of daily living with confidence.
- Finding and searching – When walking, a cane can help a person with vision loss find stairs, doors, places to cross the street, or other landmarks. They can help locate dropped items. Likewise, these travel aids can help find changes in pavement or dangerous holes along the route for all cane users.
- Support – Assistive canes may help people rise from a sitting position. They may be leaned on while a person stands. They may aid the person in getting to and safely sitting in a chair.
- Walking – An “assistive” cane helps by stabilizing balance as a person walks. It allows for weight to be shifted from the weaker leg or injured side of the body as an individual moves. Much like “white” canes, which are utilized by people with visual impairments, assistive canes provide tactile information about the ground to the user. When a person with a vision loss is “walking, he/she may move the cane side to side in an arc. He/she may “tap” the ground, receiving tactile information about the terrain along his/her route. This type of cane is also known as a “probing” cane because the cane is applied in a way to assist the person with a vision loss in finding obstacles.
Canes Can Be Individualized
Generally speaking, canes can be applied to various duties and have differing features for their users. For example, a person may prefer a cane which folds because of concerns about space. Handles may be individualized as well – rubber, metal, or even wood. People may want a more stable rigid cane. In all cases, the person must think about his needs and consult with professionals to make the best choice to address his/her capacities, limitations, and drive for independence. To such an extent, the National Federation of the Blind (NFB) offers free white canes to individuals who are visually impaired and meet certain qualifications. Yet, having knowledge about canes increases the possibility of making appropriate choices. For this reason, here are features and types of material canes may be made from:
- A strap or buckle may be an added feature which helps the person keep track of the cane or put it away easily. Tips of some canes can be changed depending on the desires of the user.
- The ability to adjust the height of the cane may be an option some want. Generally, to measure the right height for a cane, the base of the cane is placed about a foot from the feet with the elbow bent at about 30 degrees while the person is standing.
- Oak is a durable wood often used for constructing canes, but Eucalyptus and pine are other types of wood which are common. The selection in this area can be vast.
- Aluminum is one metal used for canes. Handles may be made from brass; some may be silver or gold. Canes can be constructed from carbon fiber, too.
Which one of these materials would you prefer for a cane?
Have you ever had to walk with a cane?
Cane – Wikipedia. Retrieved July2, 2018, from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walking_stick
How to Choose a Walking Stick | Life Mobility. Retrieved July 2, 2018, from: https://www.lifemobility.com.au/how-choose-walking-stick
National Federation Of Blind | We Provide Free White Canes | nfb.org. Retrieved July 2, 2018, from: https://nfb.org/free-cane-program?gclid=CjwKCAjwmufZBRBJEiwAPJ3LpqB91Ao4jQ3vnhlwnwfKZM6wnmF0WVKNf07AkMAx9X2p3OI5nbTfZhoCQokQAvD_BwE